Sunday, April 8, 2012
Mike Wallace's Legacy
60 Minutes was a product of the late great Don Hewitt, its creator and tirelessly energetic executive producer. He asked the late Harry Reasoner, a brilliant writer, and Mike Wallace, a demanding interviewer, to anchor the program. 60 Minutes is one of the greatest television programs of all time. The broadcast has finished the season first in the television ratings five times, and it has finished among the season's top 10 programs 23 times.
Since its inception, its quality story-telling and fiercely competitive spirit has characterized 60 Minutes. And working for the powerful 60 Minutes brand name over the years were legendary journalists like, Morley Safer, Ed Bradley, Diane Sawyer, Dan Rather, Andy Rooney, Lesley Stahl, Steve Kroft, as well as Harry Reasoner and Mike Wallace.
Mike was a perfect fit for 60 Minutes. His no-nonsense approach to investigative journalism and take-no-prisoners interview style helped define the program in its early years. He interviewed legends, movie stars and crooks with the same intensity. He would say, "I'm just nosy." But he was driven to be first with the story.
Mike was persistent, direct and brash when asking questions of his interview subjects. In 1979, Mike asked the Ayatollah Khomeini, in an interview with the Iranian leader in Iran, to respond to being called a "lunatic" by then Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. The visibly angry Ayatollah responded that Sadat "Compromises with his enemies."
In his career, Mike interviewed Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush senior and Clinton. He interviewed world leaders including Putin, Deng Xiaoping, Begin, Arafat and Meir. He interviewed stars like, Streisand, Carson and Horowitz. He interviewed Reverend Martin Luther King and Malcolm X. He once said, "There is no such thing as an indiscreet question."
As a correspondent Mike was a fighter. He would fight with his colleagues over a story assignment, he would loudly argue with Hewitt over the structure of his magazine piece, and he would push back hard at management when they wanted to change an adjective. Most of the time good reason and common sense prevailed. But no everyone he dealt with was a fan of his hard headed approach.
In 1982, CBS aired a documentary, The Uncounted Enemy: A Viet Nam Deception. The documentary alleged that U.S. Army General William Westmorland deliberately underestimated the enemy's troop strength to win American's continuing support for the war. Westmorland sued Mike and CBS for $120 million. During the bitter trial Mike was hospitalized for depression. In the end, Westmorland settled the suit with CBS.
The fact is that beneath that tough exterior, Mike Wallace struggled with depression after the Westmorland trial. Speaking of depression, he once said, "You fee lower than a snake's belly." He first publicly admitted he attempted suicide in an interview with his friend and colleague Morley Safer. He credited his wife, Mary Wallace, with having saved his life.
Later he spoke out more freely about his struggles with depression in hopes of ending the stigma that is associated with mental illness. He was honored by many leading mental health organizations, such as the Mental Health Association of New York City, for having the courage to go public so that others may learn.
"For people who are contemplating suicide, contemplate, who are so damn scared and in pain and all of those things are true when you’re in a bad clinical depression." Mike once said in an interview on WLIW. "Take a look at me, that what I’ve learned is that because I was saved I had 20 more years of very productive life."
Mike Wallace retired from 60 Minutes on March 14, 2006, nearly 38 years after he helped launch the program. In June 2008 Mike's son Chris Wallace, anchor of Fox News Sunday, announced his father would not be returning to television; 68 years after he made his network radio debut on WXYZ Detroit. During Mike's amazing career he won 21 Emmys, five DuPont-Columbia and five Peabody Awards. He also won the Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award in 1996. And in 1991, he was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame.
In 1997 Mike told People magazine, "Do I have regrets? No. What good would regrets do now? Would I do things differently? Yes, but I wasn't wise enough at the time. Life is full of decisions, isn't it? And I've made some of the right ones and some of the wrong ones, but I made the right choices for me. Now that may sound selfish, but that's being honest."
Thank you Mike for all your support, your advice and friendship.
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